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New PDF release: A Grammar of Afrikaans

By Bruce C. Donaldson

The sequence builds an intensive number of top of the range descriptions of languages worldwide. every one quantity deals a finished grammatical description of a unmarried language including absolutely analyzed pattern texts and, if applicable, a thesaurus and different proper details that's on hand at the language in query. There are not any regulations as to language kin or quarter, and even if particular realization is paid to hitherto undescribed languages, new and worthwhile remedies of higher recognized languages also are integrated. No theoretical version is imposed at the authors; the single criterion is a excessive usual of clinical caliber.

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Extra resources for A Grammar of Afrikaans

Example text

Compare kosjerIkousjer 'kosher' and kroukie 'croquet', where the assimilated spelling with ou indicates that the vowel is as in English. 6. The diphthong ui [oei] Examples: huis [fioeis] 'house', lui floei] 'lazy*, uuil [foil] 'dirty'. 10 Pronunciation Afrikaans linguists usually transcribe this sound as [cey], as is Dutch ui, but there is a subtle difference between the two languages in the way this sound is pronounced. There is a definite tendency in Afrikaans to unround the second element of the diphthong, pronouncing it [oei].

The alphabet1 a-a b - bee c-see d - dee e-ee f—ef g-gee h-ha i-ie j -jee k-ka I —el m-em n-en o-o p -pee q-ku r-er s-es t-tee u-u v - fee vf-wee x — eks y—y z-zet The above names of the letters should be pronounced as if they are Afrikaans words, noting the following: bee, see, ee, etc. e. 5. g. akademici 'academics', Africana, Macedonia. g. klub 'club', sent 'cent'. g. kwaiiteit 'quality1. Xis as rare as q, occurring in only very few obscure loanwords. g. ekskuus 'excuse'. Exception Xhosa, pronounced [klbsa], where [ I I ] represents a click.

The consonant g [x] Examples: goor [xoar] 'dingy1, lag [lax] 'to laugh', kaggel [kaxal] 'fireplace'. The phonemic norm is /x/ but the more palatal allophone [9] may be heard before the front vowels ee and ie, as in geel [ςβ3ΐ] 'yellow' andgiet [ςϊι] 'to pour*, for example. g. berg [b

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A Grammar of Afrikaans by Bruce C. Donaldson


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